Your best source of information on a tax matter is your field tax service provider. Additional contacts are provided in this section which will also be helpful. Our Separation Information Employer Guide should be of assistance to all employers.
The following questions and answers provide a combination of general information and some technical information. This information should only be considered as a starting point due to the complexity of individual situations.
This page contains general information only and does not have the force and effect of law, rule or regulation.
The Alabama UC law provides that, except for certain non-profit organizations and government entities, an employer becomes subject for taxes when any one of the following conditions are met:
For additional information on establishing liability for Alabama Unemployment Taxes, contact the Status Unit as shown at the end of this section.
An employer becomes subject by:
For additional information regarding successor employers, contact the Status Unit as shown at the end of this section.
The Alabama UC law provides that services performed in the employ of a church or convention or association of churches; or an organization that is operated primarily for religious purposes and which is operated, supervised, controlled or principally supported by a church or convention or association of churches shall not be considered covered employment. For more information on religious organizations contact the Status Unit as shown at the end of this section.
Non-profit Organizations are liable for Alabama Unemployment Tax unless they are exempt from income tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code and are classified as a Section 501(c)(3) exemption organization. Non-profit organizations that are classified under Section 501(c)(3) become liable for Alabama Unemployment Taxes only after they have had 4 or more individuals in employment in each of 20 different weeks within either the current or preceding calendar year. For additional information on Non-profit Organizations contact the Status Unit as shown at the end of this section.
You can open an Alabama Unemployment Tax account by completing an application (Form SR-2*). Employers
should submit an application as soon as liability has been established. To print
an application form,
click here* or you can request an application form from the Status Unit as shown
Any individual employed by an employer subject to the Alabama UC law in which employment the relationship of master and servant exists between the employer and the person employing him.
You may download your tax rate notice by logging into eGov, provided your company is not a new company with a 2.70% rate (initial rate). Employer who have a 2.70% rate will be able to download a computer generated tax rate notice once their individualized tax rate is determined for them.
Employers newly liable under the Alabama UC law pay tax at the rate of 2.70% on the first $8,000 of wages for each employee. Subsequent rates are determined by Experience Rating. You may contact the Experience Rating Section at the telephone number and address shown at the end of this section if you have other questions.
A new employer that acquires the organization, trade, or business of another liable employer (the predecessor) is assigned the experience (benefit charges and taxable payroll) of the predecessor. The predecessor's experience is used to determine the successor's tax rate. If proper notification and wage transcripts are provided to the Alabama Department of Labor within the time prescribed by the Alabama UC law, the new employer may be entitled to a rate based on partial acquisition of the predecessor. You may contact the Experience Rating Section at the telephone number and address shown at the end of this section if you have other questions.
An employer which has operated a sufficient period of time to qualify for experience rating earns a tax rate based upon the employer's own experience (benefit charges and taxable payroll), modified by statewide experience (schedule and shared cost). Inclusive of the 0.06% Employment Security Enhancement Assessment (ESA), an Employer's rate can vary from 0.20% to 6.80% depending on the one of four rate schedules in effect, plus any applicable shared cost. Refer to the tax rate calculation information below for tax terms defined such as tax rate schedule, shared cost and ESA. You may contact the Experience Rating Section at the telephone number and address shown at the end of this section if you have other questions.
The rate is computed using the three most recent complete fiscal years of benefit charges and taxable payroll. A fiscal year begins July 1st and ends the following June 30th.
Benefit charges (Item 9 on the Tax Rate Notice, Form UC-216) are costs for actual benefits paid to former employee(s). Taxable payrolls (Item 10) include taxable wages upon which taxes have been paid by the preceding July 31st. Your benefit ratio (Item 11) is determined by dividing total benefit charges (Item 12) by total taxable payroll (Item 13) for the three most recent complete fiscal years.
With knowledge of your benefit ratio (Item 11) and statewide schedule (Item 3), you can verify the computed rate (Item 5) and tax rate (Item 6) in the Tax Rate Table. An excerpt of the Tax Rate Table contained in Section 25-4-54(f) of the Alabama Unemployment Compensation (UC) Law is listed below.
The statewide schedule (Item 3) and shared cost (Item 4) are determined in accordance with 1989 amendment to the Alabama Unemployment Compensation Law. The amendment contains four rate schedules: A, B, C, and D. The applicable schedule is determined yearly by a formula that looks at the relationship of the Unemployment Compensations Trust Fund’s balance to the desired level of the Fund. Shared cost (Item 4) is determined yearly and is defined as cost that cannot be assigned to a specific employer. Shared cost (Item 4) is added to the computed rate (Item 5) to determine the tax rate (Item 6). Employment Security Enhancement (ESA – Item 7) monies are deposited to the Employment Security Enhancement Fund in the State Treasury and used to assist unemployed claimants in obtaining employment.
To verify the tax rate (Item 6), find the line and benefit ratio range which corresponds with your benefit ratio (Item 11) on the Tax Rate Notice. Follow across to the applicable tax rate schedule (Item 3) given below to determine your rate. If your benefit ratio is 0.37%, your rate under Schedule C is 0.50%. All rates must be reduced by 0.06% ESA except 5.40%. After the 0.06% reduction, the rate will agree with the computed rate (Item 5) on the Tax Rate Notice. The computed rate would be 0.44% for this example. Add shared cost (Item 4) to the computed rate (Item 5) to determine the tax rate (Item 6) on the Tax Rate Notice. Your rate (Item 6) and ESA (Item 7) may be combined to determine your total rate at which payment is computed quarterly.
To view general information about the tax rate system, you may download the current publication of the “Employer Handbook” at http://labor.alabama.gov/. The complete tax rate schedule, Tax Rate Table and shared cost from the UC law may be viewed online at http://alisdb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/CodeOfAlabama/1975/25-4-54.htm. You may contact the Experience Rating Section at the telephone numbers and address shown at the end of his section, if you have more questions.
When an individual files a claim for benefits, two determinations are made. The first is a monetary determination of the amount of benefits the claimant may receive based on his/her wages paid in a specified time period (base period). The second is a non monetary determination that considers the claimant's eligibility for benefits and reason for separation from employment. Both determinations affect the charging of the employer's account.
The gross wages paid to a claimant by all employers in the base period are used in determining a claimant's weekly benefit amount (WBA) and maximum benefit amount (MBA). An employer's charging for benefits is based on the following elements.
Provisions of the Alabama UC law allow tax rated employers to receive relief from benefit charges and immediate credits for overpaid benefits. In order to receive consideration of non-charging, the employer must timely respond to the separation, determination, and/or charge notices.
Non-charging may not affect entitlement or eligibility. The claimant, if eligible and qualified, may still collect benefits. The list below indicates reasons for non-charging and credit;
Tax rated employer relieved of all (100%) benefit charges. As application of a disqualification in this category involves removal of base period wages from the claim, reimbursing employers accounts are credited as the claimant repays the benefits for the overpaid weeks the claimant is disqualified.
You may contact the Experience Rating Section at the telephone number and address shown at the end of this section if you have questions.
Experience Rating Section
Phone: (334) 242-8888
Contact your local field tax representative.
One percent (1%) per month on contributions due until paid.
On quarters prior to January 1, 1996, the penalty is $5.00 per report due. Beginning with first quarter 1996, the penalty is $25 or 10% of taxes owed, whichever is greater.
No. Quarterly reports must be filed online via eGov at our website http://labor.alabama.gov.
The employer is taxed on the first $8,000 paid by the employer to the worker during the calendar year.
No. The Quarterly Contribution and Wage Report must be filed online for each quarter.
Submit a completed UC-10-C (Statement to Correct Information) form online via eGov at our website http://labor.alabama.gov.
For reports filed online, go to our website http://labor.alabama.gov., hover over the Online Services tab and then click the “Login to eGov” link or click on the “BUSINESS EMPLOYERS” image, click on eGov and login using the login and password you created. Click "Quarterly Reporting/EFT" link, then click "Wage and Tax Reporting (Handkey)" or "Wage and Tax Reporting (upload)" link, whichever is appropriate to your method of filing. Enter your UC Account number and Federal identification number and click Submit. Click "Continue" thru the two informational screens. From "Reporting Options" page, click "View/Reset Previously Entered Wage Reports" link, then click on "View Report" link next to the year/quarter report you wish to view and/or print - this will open in a new window; print the report and exit/close the page.
For other reports, call, write or fax your request to the Audit & Cashiering Section at the address below.
When filing the report online, check the "delete" box next to the line containing the incorrect name or social security number. Click on "Add New Employee" and input the correct information including name, SSN, etc. To correct previously submitted reports, submit Form UC-10-C online.
Alabama Department of Labor
Phone: (334) 954-4701
Yes. All taxes due are payable.
Contribution and Wage Reports are due the last day of the month following the end of the quarter (January 31, April 30, July 31, and October 31.)
Yes, you are required to report quarterly and pay post-petition taxes - those taxes that accrue following the filing of Chapter 11.
If the employee has the option of the benefit or receiving cash, it is reportable for Alabama UC purposes.
Alabama uses the twenty factors of common-law test in this determination. An individual is an employee if the individual is under the direction and control of a party for whom services are being performed.
This is a registry for reporting newly hired employees, recalled workers, and job refusals. Its purpose is to combat fraud and keep employer tax rates from rising. For more information call the New-Hire Unit at (334) 353-8491 or FAX (334) 242-8956. Or you can visit their web site at: http://labor.alabama.gov/nh.
Distribution of required posters and various handbooks, pamphlets and other material relating to UC is handled by the Technical Services Unit at (334) 242-8945 or FAX (334) 242-8956.
No. If the student works for class credit, as an intern or teacher's assistant, those wages are not reportable or taxable provided enrollment in college is a requirement for employment.